Outro artigo do Professor Loet.
Dessa vez ele mensura a economia do conhecimento por meio do triple helix (veja no post anterior) no Japão, comparando posteriormente com o Canadá. O método de mensuração é baseado nas publicações científicas e na co-autoria destas, a fim de que possamos observar as interrelações entre indústria, academia e governo (por exemplo, se um membro do governo escreve um artigo científico com um cientista da academia, temos um link observado entre ambos – o agregado de todas as co-autorias em vários anos pode nos informar sobre o que está acontecendo no ambiente de inovação do país).
“International co-authorship relations and university-industry-government (“Triple Helix”) relations have hitherto been studied separately. Using Japanese (ISI) publication data for the period 1981-2004, we were able to study both kinds of relations in a single design. In the Japanese file, 1,277,823 articles with at least one Japanese address were attributed to the three sectors, and we know additionally whether these papers were co-authored internationally. Using the mutual information in three and four dimensions, respectively, we show that the Japanese Triple-Helix system has continuously been eroded at the national level. However, since the middle of the 1990s, international co-authorship relations have contributed to a reduction of the uncertainty. In other words, the national publication system of Japan has developed a capacity to retain surplus value generated internationally. In a final section, we compare these results with an analysis based on similar data for Canada. A relative uncoupling of local university-industry relations because of international collaborations is indicated in both national systems.”